This period is the beginning of Hindu rock cut architecture, both in stand alone and cave temple idioms, numerous examples of which exist in Pattadakal, Aihole and Badami - (Badami Cave Temples). The Dvaita Madhvacharya was born in Karnataka. [18], During the British Raj the caste classification of the Hindu religion, in their proper hierarchical order, was done in the late 19th century and a publication titled Castes and Tribes of Southern India was published. The Vishishtadvaita Ramanuja, considered a saint in Sri Sampradaya, who fled persecution by the Shaiva Chola dynasty of Tamil Nadu, spent from 1098-1122 in Karnataka. Bangalore has a large number of Catholics as well as Protestant people. They painted their faces with a black streak and were contemporary to another sect known as Kapalikas. The community which currently forms 17 per cent of Karnataka’s population is understandably a major vote bank for political parties. Hussain and Hasan have been co-opted in the pantheon of Hindu gods of the region. The Advaita Adi Shankara chose Shringeri in Karnataka to establish the first of his four mathas. [3] Leading figures of the movement, such as Basava, Akka Mahadevi and Allama Prabhu, established the Anubhava Mantapa where Lingayatism was expounded. Muslim Population in Karnataka is 78.93 Lakhs (12.92 percent) of total 6.11 Crore. A Hindu temple was vandalised by an angry mob in northwest Pakistan on Wednesday, police said. According to the PEW Research Center, American Hindus have the highest rates of household income among all religions in the US. The three most important schools of Vedanta Hinduism, Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita, blossomed in Karnataka. Kannada is the official language of Karnataka. Most of their temples in Karnataka are scattered over northern Karnataka districts. Karnataka is a state in the southern part of India. [23] Bittiga, the ruler of the Hoysala empire, converted from Jainism to Hinduism. He was given the name Vishnuvardhana by Ramanuja, one of the three eminent social reformers and religious heads of Hinduism who consecrated the Hoysaleswara Temple built in 1121. Many temples were built with chlorite stones or soapstones and the architecture which evolved was called the Hoysala architecture, known for architectural detailing. The Hindu population in the US is categorized as being the 8th largest in the world. [12][13] The basic tenet of this philosophy, propounded from the 12th century by the Virashaiva school or Virashaivism, was opposition to the caste system, rejection of the supremacy of the Brahmins, abhorrence to ritual sacrifice, and insistence on Bhakti and the worship of the one God, Shiva. [4] In the past, Jainism dominated Hinduism. Approximately 35,000 people are tested per million population in Karnataka, which is considerably lower than Delhi and Andhra Pradesh. Islam, which had an early presence in the west coast of India as early as the 10th century gained a foothold in Karnataka with the arrival of the Bahmani Sultanate and Adil Shahi dynasty, which ruled parts of Karnataka. Hoysaleswara Temple is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva as the family deity of the Hoysalas. The town was ravaged by Muslim invaders in 1327. The notable Haridasas of that period were Purandaradasa, Vyasaraya, Kanakadasa, Vadiraja, Vijaya Dasa, Jagannatha Dasa, Vasudeva Dasa and Gopala Dasa; many of them became heads of the religious maths founded by Madhva and his disciples. The Dvaita Madhvacharya, who was from Karnataka, was the chief proponent of Tattvavāda, the "philosophy of reality". Its coastline stretches for some 200 miles. Karnataka has seen a steady decline in poverty since 1994. Even villages that have no Muslim population celebrate the event. Shravanabelagola, Mudabidri, Karkala are famous for Jain history and monuments. Several great empires and dynasties have ruled over Karnataka and many of them have contributed richly to the growth of Hinduism, its temple culture and social development. Category:Hindu temples in Karnataka. This was an enlightened way of worship in which caste distinctions were discarded. Other linguistic minorities in the state are Tulu, Kodava, Konkani, Urdu, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Hindi and Malayalam. Protestants are the result of British missionaries' work during the British empire in India. [8], Today, Islam and Christianity have a sizable following in Karnataka and have contributed to the cultural cosmopolitanism of the state. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. 3. St. Mary's Basilica is the only basilica in Karnataka and the oldest church in Bangalore. The Chola rulers of the 11th century constructed the roof of the temple. [18] Traditions of Hinduism are practiced in both Sanskrit (considered a superior language) and vernacular languages. There are a large number of Muslim run educational institutions in Karnataka. The Empires and Kingdoms that came to rule from Karnataka were prolific builders. [22] Dorasamudra, known as Halebid, was the dynastic capital. In the 12th century, social reforms emerged in northern Karnataka as a protest against the rigidity of the prevailing social and caste system. At the census 2001, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as … It is an ancient language of the Dravidian genre. The three most prominent movements of Vedanta Hinduism -- Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita—began in Karnataka. It stretches from the north, from Belgaum to the south, of Mangalore. A Global Hindu Heritage. Under the Bhakti movement, Vishnu and Shiva were the main focus of devotion by both Lingayat and Brahminical communities. Many of them are of local origin. They also discouraged the practice of astrology and other rituals. The Dvaita Madhvacharya was born in Karnataka. At a time when India is fuming diplomatically at the conversion of two minor Hindu girls to Islam in the Sindh province of Pakistan, a look at the religious … [11] Basava (1106–1167), also called Basavanna, protested against caste system and was for equality among all classes. [2] Udupi, Shringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit and Vedic learning. The Badami Chalukyas spawned the Vesara style of architecture and experimented with several myriad styles with frequent intermixing of Nagara and Dravida concepts. With the disintegration of Mughal rule, Hyder Ali and his son Tippu Sultan established their rule over the Mysore area. Bengaluru; Emphasising on learning the Hindu way of life and adopting ancient practices of wellness, Karnataka Health Minister K Sudhakar said he will bring in policies to introduce a holistic and comprehensive healthcare system in the state. Karnataka was the birthplace of several notable Hindu movements. There are 15 million in Maharashtra, 10 million in Karnataka, 8 million in Telangana, and 5 million in Tamil Nadu who associate themselves with the Lingayat religion. Built over a period of 70 years, it was left incomplete. [7], Christianity reached Karnataka in the 16th century with the arrival of the Portuguese and St. Francis Xavier in 1545. Although seven of the U.K. returnees have been found to be positive for the new variant of SARS-CoV-2, Karnataka is unlikely to witness a surge beyond what it … However, an analysis of the Census 2011 religion-wise figures released in August 2015 indicates that the Hindu population in Hyderabad stands at 20.46 lakh, while … Nearly 17% population of Karnataka belongs to Lingayat sect. The walls of the temple have been carved with scenes of Ramayana, Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita epics; they are crafted on the external and internal walls, with Yabancharya named as the architect. [26], Other temples built are in a blend of Nagara style (north Indian architecture) and Dravidian architecture, also called as Vadara style. This Bhakthi cult's propagation was not only worship of Vishnu but also to discard animal sacrifice, stop beliefs in superstitions, discourage caste system, and end the worship of many forms of the deity. [9] Ligayats hold a considerable sway in Karnataka to this day. But, one-fifth of the state’s population is still poor, growth is modest and consumption inequality is among the highest in the country. [1] The three most prominent movements of Vedanta Hinduism -- Advaita Vedanta, Vishishtadvaita and Dvaita—began in Karnataka. In an interview to , Sudhakar, who is a medical practitioner, said, "One should learn the Hindu way of life. Buddhism was once popular in Karnataka during the first millennium in places such as Gulbarga and Banavasi. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Udupi, Sringeri, Gokarna and Melukote are well known places of Sanskrit learning and Vedic learning. Muslims introduced coffee, and the paper industry to the local economy. The 2,290,000-strong Hindu population of the United States and the 835,418 Hindus living in the United Kingdom are mostly the result of workforce migrations of the last hundred years. Karnataka played a very important role in shaping present day Indian religion and philosophy. 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