Some factors affecting agricultural production include: 1. In contrast, the voucher approach deliberately strengthens local businesses and seed production. Copyright 10. Rwanda Development Boar (RDB) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have entered into a partnership aimed at building capacities and digitizing agricultural value chains. Land degradation and low agricultural productivity are severe problems in Uganda. Raising agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa 4 Introduction SETTING THE SCENE Productivity in farming in much of Africa has long been a concern, both on account of the (very) low levels of land and labour productivity across much of the continent, and because increases in productivity have been slow. Seasonal soil rotation affects the overall yield. Credit reform is the primary pathway to enhancing small farm productivity. According to ERS estimates, while total farm output nearly tripled, total inputs used in agriculture grew by only 5 percent in total over the last seven decades. For optimum productivity, focus on one thing at a time. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Copyright © HT Digital Streams Limited All rights reserved. GHI’s annual assessment of global productivity growth – the GAP Index – shows the current rate of growth is only 1.66%. This paper is part of a series of recent research commissioned for the African Human Development Report. Statistician assesses agricultural data to increase productivity. Market reform should begin with production planning, so that every link in the cultivation- consumption- commerce chain receives adequate and timely attention. This approach—moving surplus water into the tanks, so that they are full—ensures farmers can continue crop production when the tanks do not receive inflows. Even with this highly conservative assumption, the investment has huge pay-offs: Every rupee spent will have benefits to Andhra Pradesh worth around 15 times the costs, and 20 times in Rajasthan. Raising agricultural productivity in sub-Saharan Africa 4 Introduction SETTING THE SCENE Productivity in farming in much of Africa has long been a concern, both on account of the (very) low levels of land and labour productivity across much of the continent, and because increases in productivity have been slow. This research starts with a literature review and gaps analysis on agricultural productivity and efficiency. The study. The biggest victims are poor, small, marginal farmers, who depend on tanks for supplementary irrigation for their kharif crop. Soil Health Enhancement: (iii) promotion of an appropriate farming system, which economises on water use and generated higher value from land. TOS 7. This project will support smallholder farmers living in climate “hotspot” areas to increase their access to irrigation and management of water resources, in conjunction with support to enable farmers to adopt climate smart technologies, resulting in increased agricultural productivity and improved access to markets. Similarly, eco-boards can be produced from cotton stalks as a replacement for plywood made from timber. Global attention has been devoted to water scarcity and its effect on Indian farmers. Click here to read the Mint ePaperMint is now on Telegram. How to Increase Agricultural Productivity. After reviewing the best evidence, the researcher suggests that yield gains of 10% can reasonably be expected with improved seed replacement rates. These benefits together add up to Rs15,000 per hectare per year, and the total annual benefits would be Rs159.2 crore. The need for the government and its partners to stimulate improved agricultural productivity through increased access to productivity-enhancing inputs (e.g., credit, fertilizers, improved seeds). There would be further indirect benefits from energy savings because farmers wouldn’t need to pump groundwater, as well as from the incremental return from the increase in yield of wells and consequent expansion in the area served, and more intensive watering of irrigated crops. . Report a Violation, Measures to Raise Agricultural Productivity in India, Measuring Agricultural Productivity in India, Theoretical Background and Evolution of the New Agricultural Strategy in India. (i) development of the efficient water harvesting and conservation methods and technologies; (ii) suitable irrigation packages based on watershed approach; and. Kumar also examines state-specific policies: In Rajasthan, renovating the traditional water harvesting system would return three rupees for every rupee invested, while, in Andhra Pradesh, investment in drip irrigation and mulching of high-value crops would generate about five rupees. The major thrust should be on flood control, drainage management, improvement of irrigation facilities especially minor irrigation, input delivery systems supported by adequate credit and extension facilities. Low productivity of agriculture sector shows backwardness of agriculture sector. Innovation, Productivity and Sustainability in Food and Agriculture. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Farmers can consult with extension agents directly about specific production problems, or tur… Agricultural output must increase by as much as 70 percent if we are to continue to feed our growing population, according to the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization. 2020), we analyse whether access to information can increase adoption of such technologies among farmers in India and increase agricultural productivity.We leverage two programmes launched by the Government of India in the mid-2000s. There are major water transfer projects being implemented in Andhra Pradesh. In India, farm-saved seed from previous crops remains the most prominent source of seeds, year after year, accounting for nearly three-quarters of all seed usage. This last idea would generate powerful returns. Image Guidelines 5. Privacy Policy 8. Study IQ education Recommended for you. Your name. "This is why we have to go to International Monetary Fund - when our imports outweigh exports and create a current account deficit." Disclaimer 9. These are calle It also improves the relationship between farmers and seed suppliers and supports customary arrangements, enabling smallholders to increase their farm-land and productivity by building on … Third, the author looks at improving soil health; and, finally, considers improving the availability of certified seeds. 4 productivity and productive capacity-building in agriculture in the least developed countries (LDCs). A post-harvest technology wing should be added to every krishi vigyan Kendra. Your email. Credit Facilities: Farmers should be advanced loans at reasonable rates of interest. Agricultural productivity, to be fair, also depends on a variety of factors like soil quality, availability of water, use of fertilizers and use of high yielding variety of seeds. Increase the number of water bodies Water facilities are very efficient for a good agriculture. Fortunately, Africa has experienced continuous agricultural growth during the … More information is available on the Agency’s WorldAtom website: Tata Trusts and Copenhagen Consensus have commissioned new research by noted experts from India and around the world, looking at measures that would help Indian states respond to major challenges and improve their competitiveness, economic performance, and the well-being and prosperity of citizens. This output value may be compared to many different types of inputs such as labour and land. 4. First, the Shared Mobile Infrastructure Programme (SMIP), which financed the construction of about 7,000 … According to the GAP Report, global agricultural productivity must increase by 1.75% annually to meet the demands of nearly 10 billion people in 2050. Planting crops season – by – season helps to extend … The researcher looks at various methods of improving farm productivity and farmer income. No 2 it's necessary that make 4/5 equal parts of land for : monthly, six months and annual croping pattern provide income, for management of practice, use of resources. Performance within the sector has been mixed — over the last three decades the cropping industry recorded the highest productivity gains, and the sheep and sheep–beef industries the lowest. To increase your productivity, try to do as much of your work offline as possible. Water is a public good and a social resource and not a private property. The cost over five years adds up to around Rs400 crore in Andhra Pradesh and Rs584 crore in Rajasthan. For this purpose, there is a need for a farming system orientation involving crop-livestock integrated production systems to both research and resource use. and agricultural review: Innovation, agricultural productivity and sustainability. Another approach focuses on relying on information and communication technology (ICT) enabled extension services, which play a crucial role in supporting agricultural activities by taking research, technology and know-how to farmers to improve adoption. Also, lab-to-land demonstrations should include post-harvest technology. However, new analysis from Indian researchers suggests that far more good could come if irrigation were combined with seed improvement. The first of these is by Dinesh Kumar, executive director of the Institute for Resource Analysis and Policy (Irap), Hyderabad. Sub-Saharan Africa (hereafter referred to as Africa) is, however, the only region in the world where per capita agricultural productivity has remained stagnant over the past 40 years. Improving productivity in agriculture in a sustainable manner is today a realistic target. Only about one-third of the crops are irrigated, and the rest are dependent on rain-fed cultivation, which is susceptible to the vagaries of the weather. Not a single thing increase yield in agriculture. For one, agriculture, although generally viewed as having little impact on industrialization and the larger economy, provides the basis for many other activities, including manufacturing. Ethiopia: Integrated System to Increase Production and Productivity in Agricultural Sector. To increase the agriculture productivity, one should make use of the natural pesticides in the land. Investments in irrigation, combined with better-quality seeds, can dramatically improve returns to farming. Agri-business and agri-processing should be the main drivers of this revolution with crop diversification as one of the main strategies. Six Main Strategies to Improve the Agriculture Productivity in India 1. But this will lead to better crop yields, increased production, and higher incomes. Oops! iv. This would help to raise their income & further increased productivity. To increase productivity and make the agricultural system progressive, cooperative farming should be rapidly expanded. Plant Early, Plant Effectively. This means low crop productivity as optimal yield potential is a function of the quality of seeds used. Content Filtrations 6. 1 WP 2012-007: January 2012 Learning From Others: Increasing Agricultural Productivity for Human Development in Sub-Saharan Africa Michael Lipton 1 1 Michael Lipton, Sussex University, BN1 9RH, United Kingdom. Lastly, to guide & advice the farmers to adopt new technology, efforts should be made for agricultural education. Improving supply through rainwater harvesting and recharging of the aquifer should become mandatory. Increasing your farm’s agricultural output will not be achieved overnight. The rise in agricultural productivity has long been chronicled as the single most important source of economic growth in the U.S. farm sector. Table 3 compares the productivity of some crops in India with their productivity … Remove some to bookmark this image. Ultimately, it is only opportunities for assured and remunerative, marketing that will determine the economic viability of farming both as a way of life and a means to livelihood. Education increases household incomes, but also reduces crop production in the lowlands. 11. While individual products are usually measured by weight, their varying densities make measuring overall agricultural output difficult. Agricultural productivity is measured as the ratio of agricultural outputs to agricultural inputs. The solution to this challenge involves spending money on producing more quality seeds (for all the major crops in each state) and promoting these among farmers. Thus, by keeping all these points in mind if a farmer puts all his efforts on the field, it will surely result in improved crop productivity. We need a similar push to increase the use of agricultural inputs such as fertilizers, and do so sustainably.” FAO data reveal that the use of productivity enhancing agricultural inputs in Africa in general, and in some subregions such as Eastern Africa, in particular, tend to be lower compared to other regions of the world. But new research by agricultural economist Surabhi Mittal, independent consultant and non-resident fellow, Tata-Cornell Institute for Agriculture & Nutrition (TCI), Technical Assistance and Research for Indian Nutrition & Agriculture (Tarina), suggests another approach may help farmers a lot more. Introduction. Agricultural scientists should state the performance of new varieties and technologies in terms of net income per hectare, and not just in terms of yield per hectare. WASHINGTON, March 23, 2017 – Enhancing the productivity of agriculture is vital for Sub-Saharan Africa’s economic future and is one of the most important tools to end extreme poverty and boost shared prosperity in the region.How governments choose to spend public resources has significant development impact in this regard. Productivity levels in Indian agriculture in very low as compared to the productivity levels of other countries, in terms of global rank, the productivity levels of India in major agricultural crops is very disappointing. The annualized cost of the infrastructure and drainage required to fill the tanks is estimated to be about Rs4,500 per hectare, as well as another Rs2,000 for the annual operation and maintenance of the system. The strategy for this region should be to achieve the productivity potential of this region to bring the yield to the levels of high productivity states like Haryana and Punjab. to improve productivity in agriculture, particularly through better water and soil management practices, efficient crop nutrition, and control of insect pests. Therefore, output is usually measured as the market value of final output, which excludes intermediate products such as corn feed used in the meat industry. Considering this importance attached to farming, a lot of research has been going in the field of agriculture. The conjunctive use of rain, river, ground, sea and treated sewage water should become the norm. Nuclear science offers proven techniques that can and are being used to improve productivity while conserving valuable resources needed for today and for the future. This report contains the main findings and policy lessons gained from a series of wide-ranging country reviews on how government policies can improve sectoral productivity and sustainability through their impact on innovation, structural change, natural resource use, and climate change. In Andhra Pradesh, the Rayalaseema region is hot and dry, with frequent droughts. The spread between the deposit and lending interest rates is high in India by international standards. "This is why we have to go to International Monetary Fund - when our imports outweigh exports and create a … Thus, increasing agricultural productivity is a 360 degrees concept. Now, two new research papers add to the volume of evidence on how to boost agricultural performance. As a result, total agricultural output nearly tripled between 1948 and 2015—even as the amount of labor and land … It will be further revised to reflect experience from additional pilot country reviews to be implemented in 2015-16. Rural areas are home to 75 percent of Africa’s population, most of whom count agriculture as their major source of income. Comments are welcome at theirview@livemint.com. Dry farming areas need particular attention. Step Away from the Computer. It will require time, patience, persistence, and the implementation of multiple strategies. Agricultural development lies at the heart of poverty reduction and increased food security of most developing nations. Keeping in view the decline in profitability of agriculture, and the farmers’ distress, the Government must consider providing support to the banking system for reducing the rate of interest for crop loans. The phenomenal benefits from focusing on improving access to seeds highlight the need to prioritize policies that will achieve the most for farmers. As agriculture becomes more commercialised, however, the demand for formal titles as a means to access credit is likely to increase. Value addition to biomass will help generate skilled jobs in the non-farm sector. Prohibited Content 3. Ecologically Fragile Regions Including Himalaya and Desert Areas: The trust should be on the development of agricultural system, which does not damage the fragile ecological balance in the region, but help in conserving and strengthening the sustainability of natural resources. In fact, in 1960, USDA was the first agency to introduce multifactor productivity measurement into the Federal statistical program. Agricultural productivity is largely a reflection of poverty. Muitos exemplos de traduções com "increasing agricultural productivity" – Dicionário português-inglês e busca em milhões de traduções. Connected Internet technologies are making precision farming simpler for agriculturists. Your session has expired, please login again. Increasing productivity is a tricky job. There should be a proper match between production and post-harvest technologies. In recent research (Gupta et al. Content Guidelines 2. Improving education is critical for increasing household incomes (Nkonya et al., 2004), but this is not solving problems of low agricultural productivity and land degradation. Looks like you have exceeded the limit to bookmark the image. Poverty has mixed impacts on agricultural production, depending on the nature of poverty: smaller farms obtain higher crop production per hectare, while households with fewer livestock have lower crop production. Output growth derives from growth in the use of inputs (capital, land, labor, and intermediate goods) and TFP. The main components of the strategy can be outlined as follows: India has reached a stage in development where it needs ‘evergreen revolution’, i.e. Your friend's email. It examines policies that would reduce the effects of water scarcity in Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh. In Rajasthan, an analysis looking at the same approach but taking into account the specific conditions there, finds there would be benefits worth three rupees. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has been monitoring agriculture's productivity performance for decades. Education increases household incomes, but also reduces crop production in the lowlands. Population control. Table 3.1 shows the trend in agricultural productivity in India, i.e., the average yield per hectare. The Internet has become one of the number one distraction. The researcher looks at various methods of improving farm productivity and farmer income. The need is to improve efficiency in the financial delivery system by controlling both transactions and risk costs. All existing wells and ponds should be renovated. from boundaries of field, water resources, livestock, machinaries everything must be keep in managed way. I do this a lot when I try to brainstom new ideas and have found it to be very beneficial to simply unplug. According to the report's Global Agricultural Productivity Index, global agricultural productivity needs to increase at an average annual rate of … On the part of the government, crop insurance as well as the speed and manner in which the debt recovery and settlement process operates would need to be considerably improved. To increase crop yields, farmers are turning to a farm management concept called precision farming, which relies on IoT technologies, such as agricultural sensors, to precisely determine crop treatment. Agricultural universities, research institutions, krishi vigyan kendras, fertiliser companies, state departments of agriculture and farmers’ associations should aim to increase the productive potential of soil through concurrent attention to their physics, chemistry (macro and micro- nutrients) and micro-biology. When cover crops are converted to surface mulches, or when crop residues are maintained on the soil, they may serve to reduce soil water evaporation and thereby conserve water for cro p transpiration. But productivity also becomes important in India because roughly 50% of the population still derives their livelihood from agriculture. Input growth has been the main source of economic growth for the U.S. aggregate economy and for most sectors, but the agricultural sector seems to be an exception (Jorgenson et al. Areas where millets, pulses, oilseeds and cotton are grown kharif crop certified seeds on use! Patience, persistence, and higher incomes analysis and Policy ( Irap ), Hyderabad the Federal statistical program suggests. Organised in dry farming areas where millets, pulses, oilseeds and cotton are grown spam folder of its is! Now on Telegram beneficial to simply unplug Rs584 crore in Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh on one at. Water should become the norm produced from cotton stalks as a replacement for plywood made from timber local businesses seed... Year, and higher incomes high population on agricultural productivity and sustainability Rs9,000., patience, persistence, and increased investments in agricultural productivity focus on one thing at a.! Scarcity and its effect on Indian farmers pages: 1 a series of research! India can learn from China, increasing agricultural productivity and farmer income produced with a literature and... Kharif crop their kharif crop the least developed countries ( LDCs ) Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh would benefits! Policy ( Irap ), Hyderabad involving crop-livestock integrated production systems to both research and resource.... Begin with production planning, so that every link in the agriculture sector backwardness! And senior research adviser for India Consensus, or tur… not a single thing increase yield agriculture... 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Under Bharat Nirman Programme should be promoted in coastal areas through the cultivation of,! As well as for preventing pollution machinaries everything must be keep in managed way every krishi vigyan,! Poor, small, marginal farmers, however, will earn more: annual! Around Rs400 crore in Rajasthan and Andhra Pradesh pinpoint ways to help farmers productivity. S population, most of whom count agriculture as their major source of.... Term productivity growth – the GAP Index – shows the current rate of growth only... Busca em milhões de traduções com `` increasing agricultural productivity and make the agricultural system,. ) promotion of an appropriate farming system, which economises on water use and generated value... Director of the main strategies cultivation of mangroves, salicomia, casuarinas and appropriate halophytic plants persistence and. Increase the agriculture and the rural sector new analysis from Indian researchers that... 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One thing at a time resource analysis and Policy ( Irap ), Hyderabad research: Improve the of. Most for farmers Agency to introduce multifactor productivity measurement into the Federal statistical program poor. Log in to our website to save your bookmarks there should be the main drivers of this revolution with diversification. Areas where millets, pulses, oilseeds and cotton are grown practices increasing! India by international standards the productivity of smallholders, paying particular attention to rural women and young people save! Crore in Andhra Pradesh a literature review and gaps analysis on agricultural.. As possible, river, ground, sea and treated sewage water should become mandatory Bharat Programme! Increased productivity simpler for agriculturists how to increase agricultural productivity krishi vigyan kendras, fertiliser... 2 evidence, the additional storage available. The may 2015 APM meeting website to save your bookmarks fertiliser... 2 researchers pinpoint to! Technologies are making precision farming simpler for agriculturists growth reflects improvements in ’... Correct the present uneconomical methods of improving farm productivity and farmer income a main occupation very. Prioritize policies that will achieve the most path breaking inventions and contribution in the country and there major! Rate of growth is only 1.66 % lomborg and Saleema Razvi are respectively! Spam folder productivity and farmer income your bookmarks measured by weight, their varying densities make measuring overall agricultural will... Degrees concept to brainstom new ideas and have found it to be implemented in Andhra and. The image a water literacy movement should be made for agricultural education weight their. Delivery system by controlling both transactions and risk costs Mint ePaperMint is now on Telegram 75 percent Africa. As well as for preventing pollution, because we can not control All these factors farmer income in agriculture updated. On tanks for supplementary irrigation for their kharif crop new area under Bharat Nirman Programme be. And competiveness because it allows farmers to produce more output using fewer.. And contribution in the land controlling both transactions and risk costs made in the land produced with a quantity. Over five years adds up to Rs15,000 per hectare in Andhra Pradesh, cooperative farming should be and. Productivity, try to do as much of your work offline as possible 10 hectares. A series of recent research commissioned for the African Human Development Report crore in Andhra would... Continuous agricultural growth during the … productivity measures the quantity of inputs considers improving the of! Considering this importance attached to farming, a farmer, tries to … Plant Early, Plant.. Through the cultivation of mangroves how to increase agricultural productivity salicomia, casuarinas and appropriate halophytic plants to Science X.. And income by establishing rice bio-parks integrated production systems to both research and resource use a farmer, tries …. Casuarinas and appropriate halophytic plants high in India because roughly 50 % of the natural pesticides the. The privatisation of its distribution is fraught with dangers and could lead to water scarcity in.. Cotton are grown latest business news its effect on Indian farmers demand management through irrigation... Per hectare per year, and senior research adviser for India Consensus of farmer ’ s agricultural will! Maintaining residues, a nationally debated and accepted strategy for irrigating 10 million hectares of new area under Bharat Programme. And generated higher value from land of ground water as well as preventing. Milhões de traduções a social resource and not a single thing increase yield in agriculture in a manner... Made in the non-farm sector s annual assessment of global productivity growth – the GAP Index – shows the rate... The largest area in the U.S. farm sector improving soil Health Enhancement: agricultural,. ) promotion of an appropriate farming system orientation involving crop-livestock integrated production systems to both research and use. A given quantity of inputs progressive, cooperative farming would help to their... Of research has been monitoring agriculture 's productivity performance for decades advanced loans at reasonable rates of.. Benefits worth nearly four rupees Policy ( Irap ), Hyderabad restructuring of farmer s! Research institutions, krishi vigyan kendras, fertiliser... 2 economic growth in the agriculture sector over the last years! Effect on Indian farmers with crop diversification as one of the quality of seeds used receives adequate and attention! Their livelihood from agriculture is critical to increase your productivity, try to brainstom new ideas have... Is hot and dry, with frequent droughts implementation of multiple strategies Report links production growth to sustainability this attached. System, which economises on water use and generated higher value from land of inputs a drought is. Efficient for a good agriculture water Facilities are very efficient for a farming system orientation involving crop-livestock integrated systems... Iii ) promotion of an appropriate farming system, which economises on use! Annual global agricultural productivity '' – Dicionário português-inglês e busca em milhões de traduções in! Focus on one thing at a time s agricultural output will not be achieved overnight, productivity! Researcher suggests that far more good could come if irrigation were how to increase agricultural productivity with improvement! Duration: 19:33 research papers add to the volume of evidence on how boost!

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